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Kidney Transplant / Specialties

>Renal Replacement Therapy

>Kidney Transplantation

>Dialysis Treatments

>Slowing of Kidney Disease by DIET

>Hemodialysis Treatments for Kidney

> Kidney Failure Treatments

>Patient Education Diabetes

What Is Kidney Failure?

A kidney has failed when it is no longer able to perform its fundamental task- removing waste & excess water from the bloodstream and balancing fluids in it. If the human kidney efficiency, also called renal function, falls below 10% to 15%, a doctor would suggest dialysis or transplantation as the kidney won’t be able to provide its cleansing services anymore.

A renal failure can be acute or chronic.

What is Acute Kidney Failure?

An acute kidney failure is an all-of-a-sudden event where the kidney loses its functional efficiency to a point where it isn’t in working order anymore. It can happen because of a kidney stone, a tumor, extreme dehydration, or unsupervised or unprovisioned use of pain meds.

What is Chronic Kidney Failure?

Chronic kidney failure occurs over a period, because of some longstanding disease. Diabetes, uncontrolled blood pressure, kidney filter dysfunctionality or clogging of the arteries or hardening of the arteries are a few among many causes that result in chronic renal failure.

How to Know If You Have a Kidney Disease that Might Lead to Failure?

Knowing whether or not a person suffers from a condition that might lead to a renal failure is difficult. Primarily because kidney failure is only noticeable when your kidney has withered extensively. The symptoms of the conditions that lead to a renal failure are not always recognizable or even present at times.

However, the following symptoms are worth getting a checkup.

  • Weight gain
  • Body swelling
  • Less urination
  • Nausea
  • Appetite loss
  • Tiredness
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Confusion, especially in older folks

Also, there are several kidney conditions which rarely show any symptoms. A regular blood and urine test might help in detecting whether or not anything is wrong with the kidneys.

How to Break Down a Blood or Urine Test Report to Detect a Kidney Disease?

While it is a lot easier to consult a nephrologist with the blood test and urine test, a few quick facts help soothe the heart.

  • Blood pressure
  • Potassium and calcium phosphorus bicarbonate content
  • Albumin in the urine
  • GFR or Glomerular Filtration Rate

Any and all of these elements’ presence or absence or value can mean many things. For instance, high blood pressure means danger and low GFR value, say less than 15 ml/min means a failing kidney.

What Are the Stages of Kidney Failure?

Kidney disease can be seen as a set of five stages, based upon the value of GFR. Glomerular Filtration Rate is said to be the best measure of kidney function. It is calculated using a formula and a patient's factors of age, gender, race and the amount of serum creatinine in his/her blood.

Stage 1: GFR>90 ml/min : Normal CKD

The disease leaves no symptoms and is hardly ever detected on purpose. A test for some other ailment might prove lucky and show the presence.

Stage 2: GFR=60-89 ml/min : Mild CKD

Not detectable via symptoms, stage 2 kidney disease are a progression. They can be slowed down with a healthy diet, regulated blood pressure and blood sugar, regular check-ups, and exercises.

Stage 3: GFR= 30-59 ml/min : Moderate CKD

The kidney functions drop and keep dropping. Wastes that aren’t delivered out of the body start accumulating inside. This stage is where many kinds of complications start arising like uremia, anemia, and high blood pressure. It gets important to maintain a diet and restrict all activities that can harm the kidneys any further.

Stage 4: GFR= 15-29 ml/min : Severe CKD

The kidneys have damaged to a point where dialysis or transplantation are likely to become a necessity to live. The damaged kidneys can lead to severe complications of heart diseases, other cardiovascular conditions, and bone diseases.

Stage 5: GFR< 15 ml/min : End Stage CKD

The kidney is barely functional. Transplantation or dialysis is required to stay alive. Heavy diet monitoring is required.

Living with End Stage Renal Disease

At this point, trying to slow down the worsening is not very efficient. It is important to understand the condition, the theoretical possibilities that can trigger an immediate seizure, and the steps that can help in making the situation less disastrous.

  • Read on, research, learn all that is relevant to the disease.
  • Manage the complication- take meds, see doctors, regulate blood pressure and blood sugar, maintain proper health.
  • Understand the treatment options.
  • Choose between dialysis and transplantation, then set off to arrange a life around the treatment.